Lesotho TB Prevalence Survey

The primary aim of the study is to measure the prevalence of bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary TB (PTB) among 26,000 respondents in 54 clusters selected by systematic cluster sampling strategy. Age ≥15 years and residency in households constitute inclusion criteria for participating in the survey. Screening is done by symptoms and chest X-ray, as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO). Two sputum samples will be collected from respondents with cough≥14 days and/or abnormalities in lung (and from subjects who will not perform chest x-ray) and processed at the National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory (NTRL) Xpert MTB/RIF, liquid culture and identification of Mycobacterium [...]

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World Bank DGF TB In the Mines Project

The mining sector plays a significant role in the economic growth of Southern Africa. The Republic of South Africa has both the highest number and largest mines in the regions. In South Africa, mining is estimates to a USD1.8 million trillion sector, contributing about 8.6% of South Africa's total annual gross domestic product (GDP). There are about 2,000 registered mining companies in South Africa, and they employ more than 500,000 mine workers. Approximately 40% of the mine workers come from the neighboring countries of Lesotho, Swaziland, and Mozambique. Mine workers in the southern Africa sub-region have one of the highest TB incidence rates in the world. In [...]

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The Stop TB Partnership funded by Gates foundation approved a total of USD17million to support 42 grants implemented around the world to fight the TB burden. These projects are expected to develop and apply modern technologies in their case finding, improvement of diagnosis and treatment and support for people will TB. Aquity Innovations is one of the implementing partners focusing on case finding in the identified districts in East London. AQUITY will promote an integrated TB disease management approach by linking people diagnosed and treated in the private sector with the South Africa National TB notification system.  This will be [...]

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Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) is quietly fueling the spread of Tuberculosis (TB).1 DM triples a person’s risk of developing TB, and rates are rising fast in countries with the highest burden of TB, such as South Africa.2 At current projections, Type 2 diabetes will impact nearly 366 million people by 2030.3 TB and DM are two of the world’s leading causes of death and disability. Therefore, successfully addressing TB and DM requires a coordinated response to both diseases at all levels of the health system. However, care for TB and DM are provided in separate health settings in South Africa, resulting in [...]

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About the Children’s Services Directory Project

The specific objectives of the CSD Project are: To provide support services to the (DSD) for the Children’s Services Directory To promote the maintenance and sustainability of the Children’s Services Directory; and To increase the prognosis for sustainability of the CSD. AQUITY is working in collaboration with the national Department of Social Development (DSD) to raise awareness of the public on the CSD and increase local capacity to use the CSD through networking and targeting services for vulnerable children and their households. Why the Children’s Services Directory? The Government of South Africa has made the needs of all vulnerable [...]

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AQUITY wins project to address TB and diabetes integration in KwaZulu Natal

South Africa is ranked fifth of the 22 high burden tuberculosis countries. Unless effective TB control is achieved quickly, South Africa will have 3.5 million new cases of TB and at least 90,000 TB related deaths over the next decade. Compounding the difficulty in combating TB is the pressure from other, associated epidemics such as HIV/AIDS. Increasingly, a new factor has been recognized which effects TB risk and treatment strategies: diabetes. Although there is little national data on the trends, there is evidence of an increase in the prevalence of diabetes among urban Africans. Today, the annual incidence of diabetes [...]

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